The land of dreams and opportunities, the U.S. offers high-quality educational options for students from around the globe. Be it for the quality of education or the career prospects after graduation, the U.S. has monopolized the attention of most all study abroad aspirants. Let’s take a closer look at the world’s most preferred country for higher education.
Nearly 600,000 students from all over the world studied in the United States last year at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It goes without saying that America offers very high quality post-secondary education. There are more than 4,000 public and private colleges, universities, and community colleges in the United States, including over 600 public four-year colleges and universities and over 1,650 private four-year colleges and universities. These traditional institutions enroll nearly 15 million students. In addition, over 6,000 non-collegiate post-secondary institutions offer specialized vocational and technical training.
The United States is the longest-surviving constitutional republic with the oldest written constitution in the world. Its government operates as a representative democracy through a congressional system under a set of powers specified by its Constitution. There are three levels of government: federal, state, and local. Officials at all three levels are either elected by voters in a secret ballot or appointed by other elected officials.
The United States is an influential country in scientific and technological research and the production of innovative technological products. During World War II, the U.S. was the first to develop the atomic bomb, ushering in the atomic age. During the beginning of the Cold War, the U.S. began successes in space science and technology, leading to a space race, which led to rapid advances in rocketry, weaponry, material science, computers, and many other areas, culminating in the first visit of a man to the moon, when Neil Armstrong stepped off of Apollo 11 in July 1969.
In the sciences, the United States has a large share of Nobel Prizes, especially in the fields of physiology and medicine. The National Institutes of Health, a focal point for biomedical research in the United States, has contributed to the completion of the Human Genome Project. The main governmental organization for aviation and space research is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Major corporations, such as Boeing and Lockheed Martin, also play an important role.
The U.S. has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $46,000 (2007). In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. U.S. business firms enjoy greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, to lay off surplus workers, and to develop new products. At the same time, they face higher barriers to enter their rivals’ home markets than foreign firms face entering U.S. markets. The merchandise trade deficit reached a record $847 billion in 2007. Long-term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups. Together, these problems caused a marked reduction in the value and status of the dollar worldwide in 2007.
The U.S. spends more on health care per capita than any other nation in the world. Yet, according to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. is the only wealthy, industrialized nation that does not have a universal health care system. United States health care is provided by a diverse array of individuals and legal entities. Individuals are offered inpatient and outpatient services by commercial, charitable, or governmental entities. The health care system is not fully publicly funded but contains a mix of public and private funding. A new poll released by the American Cancer Society and Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) found that Americans ranked the flu epidemic, cancer and obesity as their leading health concerns. Life expectancy is relatively high (78 years) and infant mortality is high.
Society and Culture There are many stories, positive and negative, about American people and many have preconceived ideas from films and television programs that they have seen. It’s extremely difficult to categorize and describe ‘American culture’. American society is extremely diverse and complex and should not be reduced to stereotypes. Important differences exist between geographical regions, between rural and urban areas, and between social classes. In addition, the presence of millions of immigrants who came to the United States from all corners of the world with their own culture and values adds even more variety and flavor to American life.
1: Improve your English
Other languages are slowly catching on around the world but nothing can beat having a great grasp of the English language. Immerging yourself in an English speaking country, such as the United States, will definitely benefit you for the rest of your life regardless of what course of study you pursue.
2. Change of Perspective
As humans we tend to view things in terms of our own cultural understanding and references. Studying in a different country like the United States can give you a fresh new perspective on world topics.
3. Education Opportunities
The United States has wonderful education opportunities that expand across a variety of different disciplines. No matter what you are interested in studying, you will be able to find some kind of university or advanced degree program that offers the course of study you are interested in.
4. Well Respected Degrees
This goes along with Reason 3. A lot of programs in America are well respected within the discipline that they address. You can use reputable news sources, such as publications like Business Week, which rank degree programs from various universities against their competition. There is no shortage of programs that you can earn a well-respected degree from.
5. Diverse Population
It can be comforting for non-native students to know that most universities around the country have incredibly diverse populations. More than likely, you will be able to find an institution that values diversity. You will probably be able to locate other students from your home country that can help to keep you from getting too homesick.
6. Positive Exchange Rate
Currently, most European countries have exchange rates on their native currency that makes it cheaper to purchase items in the United States as opposed to their home country. In some instances it can be significantly cheaper to finance a quality education in the U.S. instead of at home.
7. Travel Opportunities
There is an endless amount of travel opportunities for students who study in the United States. Regardless of where you are studying, students can check out tourist destinations or other great vacation spots without too much difficulty.
8. Life Experience
Studying abroad is an excellent opportunity for anyone to expand their life experience. Anyone who travels from their home country and spends an extended amount of time away can learn a lot about themselves in the process.
10. Networking Opportunities
Taking part in the global community at your education institution can make for great networking opportunities to give you a lot of options in the future. Being an international student means that you will be able to meet other individuals from around the world as well as native-born Americans in your field of study.
11. Career Opportunities
Studying in the United States can open you up to a ton of career opportunities. You will be able to find potential jobs in the United States as well as careers in your home country.
12. Experience the American Way of Life
13. Improve your career chances
14. Get away from home
15. Become independent
16. Create a memory of a lifetime
17. Change your perspective
18. Improve your cultural understanding
19. Learn about yourself